Thursday, January 13, 2011

眼睛红了,是不是红眼症?

红眼症的症状:
1。双眼先后发病
2。前期:双眼发烫、烧灼、畏光,感觉眼睛如进沙子般疼痛
3。中期:眼皮红肿、眼屎多、怕光、流泪;起床时眼睛被分泌物粘住
4。一些案列:结膜上小出血点或血斑、分泌物粘脓、有时在结膜上形成一层灰白色假膜,角膜边缘有灰白浸润点,严重的可伴头痛、发热、疲劳、淋巴结肿大等

如果没有的话,那就是你发热气啦~~~安啦安啦~^^

患了红眼病应注意什么?

1。避免与其他人一起使用物品,如洗脸毛巾、脸盆等。
2。尽量不到公共场所去(如游泳池、影剧院、商店等)。
3。对个人用品(如毛巾、手帕等)或公用物品要注意消毒隔离(煮沸消毒)。
4。个人要注意不用脏手揉眼睛,勤剪指甲,饭前便后洗手。
5。有条件时应用抗生素或抗病毒眼药水点眼。
6。应开放患眼,不能遮盖患眼。
7。饮食以清淡之品为宜,至于酒类以不饮为宜

治疗红眼症的方法~:
1。冲洗眼睛:
在患眼分泌物较多时,
用冲洗剂如生理盐水或2%硼酸水冲洗结膜囊, 每日2~3次,
并用消毒棉签擦净睑缘。
2。对患眼点眼药水或涂眼药膏:
如为细菌性感染,可根据检查出的菌种选择最有效的抗生素眼药水滴眼,
根据病情轻重,每2~3小时或每小时点眼药1次,
常用眼药水有10%~20 %磺胺醋酰钠、0.3%氟哌酸、0.25%氯霉素眼药水等,
晚上睡前可涂抗生素眼膏,如环丙沙星、金霉素或四环素眼药膏,
每次点药前需将分泌物擦洗干净,以提高疗效。

对混合病毒感染的结膜炎,除应用以上药物治疗外,还可用抗病毒眼药水,
如为腺病毒可用0.1%羟苄唑眼药水、0.1%肽丁胺乳剂,
如为小病毒可用0.1%疱疹净、0.1%无环鸟苷眼药水等,每日2~3次,
必要时还可应用干扰素等。

有条件时可进行细菌培养,并作药敏试验,以选用适当的抗生素。

中医治疗法: 用泻肺饮和银翘解毒丸。
当炎症控制后,为预防复发,仍需点眼药水1周左右,或应用收敛剂
如0.25%硫酸锌眼药水,每日2~3次,以改善充血状态,预防复发。

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